yorkie family

Yorkies & Poisoning

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yorkie familyThis article goes through the symptoms of poisoning, treatment for poisoning, and a list of things that are poisonous to Yorkies.

A possible poisoning of your Yorkie can be extremely scary. Please take the time to read this article BEFORE you have an emergency so that you are prepared if the worst does happen.

The information here is not intended to replace treatment from your veterinarian. This is merely a guide for Yorkie owners to help them in case of a possible poisoning incident. If you suspect that your Yorkie has been accidentally poisoned, please contact your vet immediately or call the ASPCA’s poison control at (888) 426-4435.

Prevention is the best way to avoid a poisoning incident. Make yourself aware of the dangers to your Yorkie and have emergency medical treatment supplies on hand. I suggest having an at-home emergency medical kit handy and stocked up in case of any type of emergency.

 

Symptoms:

There are 2 types of poisoning to watch for – contact poisoning (on the skin or eyes, etc) and internal poisoning (ingesting a toxic or harmful substance). For a contact poisoning, the symptoms are generally burning, itching, redness, swelling, or other obvious signs of skin irritation or chemical burns. The symptoms of internal poisoning in Yorkies are varied, depending on the substance ingested. Generally, the symptoms are vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and related symptoms.

Treatment:

If you need emergency assistance, get to your vet ASAP. If that is not possible, you can do your best to treat at home. The first step is to identify the specific substance that your Yorkie has come in contact with – this will aid in treatment.

If you are unsure of what to do, the ASPCA has an Animal Poison Control Center available 24 hours a day. Their hotline number is (888) 426-4435. A $65 consultation fee per incident may apply, and the fee may be applied to your credit card. There is also come great info on their website at http://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control.

For a contact poisoning, you must completely wash off any poison. Do this by flushing the area that came in contact with the poison for 30 minutes with large amounts of water. Then, give your Yorkie a complete bath with lukewarm water. Even if the substance your Yorkie came into contact with is not skin-irritating, you still must completely wash the area – your Yorkie could lick the area an ingest some of the poison.

For an internal poisoning, generally the best thing to do is to induce vomiting as soon as you can after the substance has been ingested. DO NOT induce vomiting in the following instances:

– your Yorkie has already vomited
– there is evidence of neurological involvement (stumbling, trouble breathing, etc)
– your Yorkie is unconscious
– if your Yorkie has swallowed something sharp that could lodge in the esophagus or could tear the stomach
– if the ingested poison is an acid, alkali, cleaning product, household chemical, petroleum product, or any substance that the label says “Do not induce vomiting” In these instances, the substance could cause burns in the throat and vomiting could create more harm. Instead, get to the vet ASAP and give your Yorkie milk or water at 30 mL per 6 pounds of body weight.

If you have determined that you must induce vomiting, the best way to do it is with a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide at 1/2 teaspoon per 5 pounds of body weight (a good thing to keep inside your emergency medical kit). Repeat the dosage every 15 – 20 minutes, up to three times, until your Yorkie vomits. Walking around after administering each dose can help further induce vomiting.

DO NOT use Ipecac unless specifically directed to do so by your veterinarian. Ipecac can be dangerous in dogs.

After your Yorkie vomits, it is important to prevent further absorption of any remaining poison in the stomach. You can do this by giving activated charcoal or a mixture of milk and egg whites.

The most effective treatment is activated charcoal, which you can get in compressed 5 gram tablets. 1/2 tablet per 5 pounds of body weight is the typical dose. There is a liquid activated charcoal product available, but it is really messy and difficult to get into a Yorkie without the assistance of a stomach tube. So, get the tablets for emergency use at home and keep them in your Yorkie’s emergency medical kit.

If you don’t have charcoal available, you can give a mix of milk and egg whites to coat the stomach and prevent absorption of remaining poison. 1/8 cup of milk and 1/8 cup of egg whites per 5 pounds of body weight is the dosage. Use a plastic syringe to administer the mixture inside your Yorkie’s cheek.

After any at-home treatment, get to your vet as soon as you can for further treatment.

What is Poisonous:

The list of things that are poisonous to dogs is very extensive, and I am going to try to list off as many of them as I can.

Household and Environmental Dangers:

-Common pain relievers like Advil (ibuprofen) and Tylenol (acetaminophen)
-Other human drugs, both over the counter and prescription (when in doubt, induce vomiting)
-Rodent poisons like anticoagulants and hypercalcemic agents
-Antifreeze
-Poison baits such as those for rodents and snails
-Insecticides
-Garbage – particularly rotting food contaminated with mold or bacteria
-Most household chemicals like cleaning products, deodorant, hair coloring, moth balls, nail polish, etc
-Petroleum products like gasoline, kerosene, turpentine, etc
-Lead (can be found in things like fishing weights, some paint, linoleum, drywall, batteries and other products)
-Zinc (found in post-1982 pennies, hardware, nuts and bolts, and other things)
-Toad and Salamander poisoning – the Colorado River toad (native to the Southwest and Hawaii), the marine toad (native to Florida), and the California newt (native to California)
-Tobacco Products – cigarettes, chewing tobacco, e-juice, and anything containing high levels of nicotine. The toxic dose for nicotine in pets is 1/2-1 mg per pound of pet body weight, while the lethal dose is 4 mg per pound of pet body weight.

Food Dangers:

-Chocolate (as little as 4 ounces of baker’s chocolate can be lethal to a Yorkie)
-Raisins and Grapes (as little as 1 ounce can cause kidney failure in Yorkies)
-Macadamia nuts (as little as 1/2 ounce can cause temporary paralysis in a Yorkie)
-Garlic (1/2 teaspoon can destroy red blood cells in a Yorkie)
-Onions and Onion Powder
-Active Yeast and Raw Bread Dough
-Wild Cherry
-Almond
-Apricot
-Balsam Pear
-Japanese Plum
-Coffee grounds
-Tomato and Potato leaves and stems
-Avocados
-Pear and Peach Kernels
-Rhubarb
-Spinach – in large quantities
-Mushrooms (if also toxic to humans)
-Alcohol
-Xylitol (an artificial sweetener found in some sugar-free gums)

Plant Dangers:

Indoor plants that can be toxic:Amaryllis
Arrowhead vine
Asparagus fern
Azalea
Bird-of-paradise
Boston ivy
Caladium
Calla or arum lily
Chrysanthemum
Creeping Charlie
Creeping fig
Crown of thorns
Dembcane (diffenbachia)
Elephant’s ear
Emerald duke
Heart leaf (philodendron)
Ivy species
Jack-in-the-pulpit
Jerusalem cherry
Majesty
Malanga
Marble queen
Mother-in-law plant
Neththyis
Nightshade
Parlor ivy
Poinsettia
Pot mum
Pothos or devil’s lily
Red princess
Ripple ivy
Saddle leaf (philodendron)
Spider mum
Split leaf (philondendron)
Sprangeri fern
Tuberous begonia
Umbrella plant
Weeping fig
Outdoor plants that can be toxic:Almonz
American yew
Angels’ trumpet
Apricot
Azalea (rhododendron)
Balsam pear
Bird-of-paradise bush
Bittersweet woody
Buckeye
Buttercup
Castor bean
Cherry
Chinaberry
Coriaria
Daffodil
Delphinium
Dologeton
Dutchman’s breeches
English holly
English yew
Foxglove
Ground cherry
Horse chestnut
Indian tobacco
Indian turnip
Japanese plum
Jasmine
Jimsonweed
Larkspur woody
Locoweed
Lupine
Marijuana
Matrimony vine
May apple
Mescal bean
Mock orange
Monkey pod
Moonseed
Morning glory
Mushrooms
Nightshade
Nutmeg
Nux vomica
Peach
Periwinkle
Peyote
Pigweed
Poison hemlock
Poke weed
Poppy
Privet
Rain tree
Rhubarb
Skunk cabbage
Soapberry
Spinach
Sunburned potato
Tomato vine
Water hemlock
Western black locust yew
Wild cherry
Wisteria

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